Vienna ( Wien), the capital, is one of Europe's loveliest and most-livable cities. Only "Selected" German Immigrants in Yucatán? Looking to test out your German language skills? The majority of German emigrants to Latin America went especially to Brazil but also to: Argentina, Mexico, Uruguay, Chile, Paraguay, Guatemala, and Costa Rica. Geneva, 13. Most of the countries were colonized in the 16th centuries and became free during the early 1800’s.  Included in the ethnic German immigration to Mexico are from Austria, Switzerland and the French region of Alsace which was part of France since the end of WWI, as well those from Bavaria and High German regions of Germany. Nowadays, Germans born in Colombia celebrate Oktoberfest in Cali along with other traditions. Most of the German immigrants that arrived in Brazil and Mexico went on to live in small inland communities.  This would imply approximately 175–220 million German speakers worldwide. Here are […] The rest speak French, Italian or Romansh.  In 2015, approximately 15.4 million people were in the process of learning German across all levels of education worldwide. Here's where to find the six others: Austria ( Österreich) should quickly come to mind. At one time, the e was placed above the vowel, but as time went on, the e became just two dots ("diaeresis" in English).  German, along with English and Afrikaans used to be a co-official language of Namibia from 1984 until its independence from South Africa in 1990. Bern, 18.  During the first flux of German immigration (between 1846 and 1875) German colonies were primarily set up in the "Frontera" region. ; Non-sovereign entities are not included: Germany's neighbor to the south has a population of about 8.5 million. Germans came to South America in the world wars I and II, settling first in Colombia because of its wealth in natural resources as well as weather conditions conducive to agriculture. While people make some of these searches out of curiosity, a high volume of vegan-related searches, such as vegan … Since 2004, there has been an annual informal meeting of the heads of state of German-speaking countries including the Presidents of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland and the Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein. As a German language learner, the first question that pops up in mind is- apart from Germany, which are the other German speaking countries? The German language belongs to the Indo-European family and is considered a Germanic language. Furthermore, German was often a language taught as a foreign language in White South African schools during the Apartheid years (1948–1994). Most of the South American countries in German are neuter, however there are a few that are feminine. It is the second most spoken language in North Dakota (1.39% of its population). Hello, we're GermanSpeaking.org . The street signs are in German.  Villa Carlota attracted a total of 443 German-speaking immigrant families, most of them were farmers and artisans who emigrated with their families: the majority came from Prussia and many among them were Protestants. Colombia has a population of about 40 million people. Chris Cillizza. , German as a foreign language is promoted by the Goethe Institute, which works to promote German language and culture worldwide. Established by Simón Bolívar in the early 19th century, it was a short-lived union of several South American countries, including Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Columbia. German is one of the world’s most prominent languages and is the most widely spoken native tongue in the European Union. D-A-CH or DACH is an acronym used to represent the dominant states of the German language Sprachraum. (See the pronunciation key below). Chunkydonkey +12. Vienna, 2.  Today, German is used in a wide variety of spheres, especially business and tourism, as well as churches (most notably the German-speaking Evangelical Lutheran Church in Namibia (GELK)), schools (e.g. Of the three, German is the least common. Mostly originating from German settlers who immigrated during this time, 25,000 to 30,000 people still speak German as a native tongue today. German Speaking Countries. Of the 40 million only 5,000 people of German descent speak the language. The population of this area is about half a million, and census data shows about 62 percent of the residents speak German. The German Umlaut, the two dots sometimes placed over the German vowels a, o and u (as in Österreich), is a critical element in German spelling. Level 55. Its speakers belong to some Schmiedleit, Lehrerleit, and Dariusleit Hutterite groups, but there are also speakers among the older generations of Prairieleit (the descendants of those Hutterites who chose not to settle in colonies). There are other parts of the world where German is also spoken by a small percentage of the population. In fact, Japan (54th) is the only country joining the bottom ten for the first time in 2020, with South Korea (52nd), the Netherlands (50th), and Austria (49th) completing the list of the ten worst countries for making friends. With an estimated size of approximately 44.2 million in 2018, German Americans are the largest of the self-reported ancestry groups by the United States Census Bureau in its American Community Survey. , In the Early Modern period, German varieties were a lingua franca of Central, Eastern and Northern Europe (Hanseatic League).  German, Afrikaans and several indigenous languages became "national languages" by law, identifying them as cultural heritages of the nation and ensuring the state to acknowledge and support their presence in the country. German Speaking jobs now available. This version of German there has changed over 180 years of contact with Portuguese as well as the languages of other immigrant communities. Germany is called Deutschland in German (Deutsch). Questions? It may come as a surprise that German is a common language in the South Tyrol (also known as Alto Adige) providence of Italy. The main cause of this decrease is the integration of communities, often originally sheltered, into the dominant society, and as well as the invariable pull of societal assimilation which confronts all immigrant groups. The second wave of immigration occurred between 1882 and 1914 and consisted mainly of industrial and agricultural workers, mainly from eastern Germany; the third wave (after 1918) settled mainly in the cities. Now let's concentrate on Austria, Germany, and Switzerland — and have a short German lesson in the process. Some of these you will very rarely use but many are used often in general conversation so are important to learn.  German ranks second (after English) among the best known foreign languages in the EU (on a par with French) as well as in Russian. It is spoken also in parts of Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark and Italy (South Tyrol). The German language is spoken in a number of countries and territories in Europe, where it is used both as an official language and as a minority language in various countries. As a result, many South Africans eat their traditional Christmas meal outside, while others choose to go a step further and enjoy a camping trip over the Christmas … German (Deutsch, pronounced [dɔʏtʃ] (listen)) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. A Closer Look at 3 German-Speaking Countries, New Year's Greetings in German, Region by Region, The German, Austrian, and Swiss National Anthems, The Federal States of Germany and Nationalities in German Language, German for Travelers: The Basic Travel Phrasebook, Making Phone Calls in German-Speaking Countries and Related Vocabulary. German immigrants built the Bavaria, Pilsen, and Club soda Klausen factories in Cali, Barranquilla, Pereira, Medellin, and other cities. Many of Luxembourg's newspapers are published in German, including the Luxemburger Wort (Luxemburg Word). Of special interest is the settlement Villa Carlota: that was the name under which two German farming settlements, in the villages of Santa Elena and Pustunich in Yucatán, were founded during the Second Mexican Empire (1864–1867). A.D. in certain West Germanic dialects. Sum of Standard German, Swiss German, and all German dialects not listed under "Standard German" at. This is especially true for younger German-Brazilians. Italian nationalist whose writings spurred the movement for a unified and independent Italy (1805-1872) Known as "the soul" of Italian unification; mid 1800s. Nowadays, at least one million German speakers live in Latin America. As in Argentina and Brazil, these populations are today overwhelmingly Spanish speaking, and German as a home language is in heavy decline; if German-Chileans can still speak German, most of them speak German only as a second or third language. Level 73. Helvetia is what the Romans called their Swiss province. Nuremberg and Stuttgart. Luckily, many German speakers understand Hochdeutsch, so even if you cannot understand their heavy dialect, they will likely be able to understand and communicate with you. , Hutterite German is an Upper German dialect of the Austro-Bavarian variety of the German language, which is spoken by Hutterite communities in Canada and the United States. Other European countries and regions with a German-speaking majority include Liechtenstein (30,000), the Italian autonomous region of South Tyrol (0.5 million), and the German-speaking Community of Belgium with around 90,000 native speakers, constituting around 1% of the total population of Belgium. One of the most striking differences between them is the result of a consonant shift (usually referred to as the second, or High German, sound shift) that took place before the 8th cent. FAQ. But it does have the German-language newspapers, the Liechtensteiner Vaterland, and the Liechtensteiner Volksblatt. , The German language is co-official in the municipality of Pomerode, besides being cultural patrimony of the State of Espírito Santo. The ranking: 1. Reporter. There are German-speaking minorities in almost every Latin American country, including Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. So if you study German in a U.S. school, you may not be able to understand it when spoken in different regions, like Austria or even southern Germany. artist EES). The Allgemeine Zeitung is also one of the three biggest newspapers in Namibia and the only German-language daily in Africa. written on a chalkboard in German. These included groups such as land-hungry peasants, political refugees known as Forty-Eighters, and religious minorities such as Russian Mennonites fleeing religious persecution at home. , DACH is also the name of an Interreg IIIA project, which focuses on crossborder cooperation in planning. London and New York didn’t make it to the list. Giuseppe Mazzini.  German remained an important language in churches, schools, newspapers, and even the administration of the United States Brewers' Association through the early 20th century, but was severely repressed during World War I. Liechtenstein's total population is only about 38,000. These German minorities, through their ethno-cultural vitality, exhibit an exceptional level of heterogeneity: variations concerning their demographics, their status within the majority community, the support they receive from institutions helping them to support their identity as a minority. In the United States, the states of North Dakota and South Dakota are the only states where German is the most common language spoken at home after English. In: OPUS Augsburg, <, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Namibia (GELK), German language skills of European Union citizens, List of territorial entities where German is an official language, "The number of persons having their usual residence in a country on 1 January of the respective year", Ammon, Ulrich – Die Stellung der deutschen Sprache in der Welt, "Special Eurobarometer 386: Europeans and their languages", "The most spoken languages worldwide (speakers and native speaker in millions)", "Population by language, sex and urban/rural residence", "Bevölkerung nach Umgangssprache und Staatsangehörigkeit", "Special Eurobarometer 386: Europeans And Their Languages", http://pxnet2.stat.fi/PXWeb/pxweb/fi/StatFin/StatFin__vrm__vaerak/statfin_vaerak_pxt_11rl.px/?rxid=726cd24d-d0f1-416a-8eec-7ce9b82fd5a4, "Eurobarometer 77.1 (Feb–Mar 2012) Robotics, Civil Protection, Humanitarian Aid, Smoking Habits, and Multilingualism", "Results of the 2009 National population census of the Republic of Kazakhstan", "Volkszählung 2015 Bevölkerungsstruktur Band 1", "N° 17 La langue principale, celle que l'on maîtrise le mieux", "2018 Census totals by topic – national highlights | Stats NZ", "Household results of the 2012 Census of Paraguay", "2011 Population Census, Ethnic Structure", "Население наиболее многочисленных национальностей по родному языку", "INEbase / Society /Education and culture /Survey on the Involvement of the Adult Population in Learning Activities / Results/ Microdata", https://spraktidningen.se/blogg/har-ar-20-storsta-spraken-i-sverige, "Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over", U.S. Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration – Language Use in the United States: 2007, "Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 – Chapter 1: Founding Provisions – South African Government", Meeting of German-speaking heads of state, Meeting of German-speaking heads of state in 2015, "DACH+ Raumentwicklung im Grenzraum von Deutschland, Österreich, Schweiz und Liechtenstein", "6.5. Estimates put Belgium's German-speaking population around 1 percent. Did not find your answer? This is a common feature among the German minorities in Latin America and those in Central and Eastern Europe: the majority of countries where German minorities lived had fought against the Germans during the war. Although the US was the focal point for emigration in the 19th century, emigration to Latin America was also significant for differing economic and political reasons. The three countries with the biggest ethnic German populations in Latin America to this day are Brazil, Argentina, and Mexico. It's mostly used among the Belgians who live on or near the German and Luxembourg borders. Spanish, with slightly more speakers than Portuguese, is the most spoken language on the continent.. Other official and majority languages in specific countries are: Dutch in Suriname; English in Guyana, the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas … For other uses, see, Overview of the geographical distribution of speakers of the German language, Please expand the article to include this information. Later on, more Germans settled in the KwaZulu-Natal and elsewhere.  Since 2014, the King of Belgium and the Grand Duke of Luxembourg have also been taking part.. In this post we are looking at all the South American countries and what the German translation is. There are German-speaking minorities in almost every Latin American country, including Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Comments German is the main language of approximately 95 to 100 million people in Europe, or 13.3% of all Europeans, being the second most spoken native language in Europe after Russian (with 144 million speakers), above French (with 66.5 million), and English (with 64.2 million). It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol in Italy, the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. A few other German-speaking regions are in Germany's former colonies, including Namibia (former German Southwest Africa), Ruanda-Urundi, Burundi and several other former outposts in the Pacific. Vienna is the capital city.  Another place where the German language continues alive is in some of the more of four thousand Brazilian Lutheran churches, in which some of the services continue to be in German. Linguistic unity is the clearest unifying factor, while Latin America expresses a variety of cultural and historical influences. We combine our commercial German language services with a social media driven programme to … This change was aided by Jewish emigration groups such as the Hilfsverein deutschsprechender Juden (later to become Asociación Filantrópica Israelita) which was based in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Hamburg, 25. Regardless, Mexico stands as the 3rd country with the largest German community in Latin America, behind Brazil and Argentina. This sound shift affected the southern areas, which are more elevated and hence referred to as the High German region, whereas it left untouched the Low German pr… Jun 18, 2016. For example, Hutterite German resembles dialects of Carinthia. Contact us. Mostly depending on the inclusion or exclusion of certain varieties with a disputed status as separate languages (e.g., Low German/Plautdietsch), it is estimated that approximately 90–95 million people speak German as a first language, 10–25 million as a second language, and 75–100 million as a foreign language. Detailed List of Languages Spoken at Home for the Population 5 Years and Over by State: 2000", "Germans from Russia Heritage Collection", Immigration and American history: essays in honor of Theodore C. Blegen, German language studying in the world in 2010 (with evolution from 2005), German language studying in the world in 2005 (with evolution from 2000), German language in the world in 2012 (full report), Deutsche Minderheiten/Riograndenser Hunsrückisch, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geographical_distribution_of_German_speakers&oldid=998732915, Geographical distribution of the German language, Articles with German-language sources (de), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from June 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 19:55. 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